Most people must have felt stomach cramps. Conditions that often make the sufferer suffered tremendous pain is suspected by some causes. Abdominal cramps will usually be marked with pain like felt tight in the abdomen. Pain in the abdomen is usually going to affect the body of other parts such as headaches, having difficulty in motion and even difficulty breathing. Abdominal cramps or in medical terms are called colic abdomen due to smooth muscle contractions found in the organs in the abdominal cavity that include many organs, including stomach, intestines, gallbladder, pancreas, esophagus, kidneys, ureter and uterus as well as other female reproductive organs.
Abdominal cramping is a pain that occurs due to excessive muscle contraction. This excessive contraction can occur in skeletal muscles such as abdominal wall muscles, or muscles that make up internal organs such as muscles in the uterus, muscles around the intestine. Abdominal cramps usually give a pain as attracted in the abdomen. Abdominal cramps can be felt in any part of the abdomen, depending on the muscles in what organs contract.
Symptoms of Stomach Spasm
Abdominal pain is a symptom of a number of other diseases. The cause of abdominal pain can be diagnosed in a number of ways. The most common is to check the patient’s physical condition by pressing a number of points on the abdomen. Here are following symptoms of stomach spasm:
- Cannot defecate
- Urinating pain or too often
- The pain comes from an injury to the stomach
- Stomach ache if touched
- Pain in the pit of the heart can sometimes spread to the chest
- Decreased appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- In severe conditions, there may be gastrointestinal bleeding seen as a blackish blood in the feces
- Gastric problems such as gastro paresis or gastritis
Some of the above symptoms may be a clue to a serious problem in the stomach and require immediate treatment. Immediately seek medical help if conditions do not get better or even worse.
What cause Stomach Spasm?
The cause of abdominal cramps vary, ranging from mild tension-like muscle tension to too frequent exercise, excessive gas accumulation in the stomach to serious conditions such as colitis and various gastric problems such as gastro paresis or gastritis. In general stomach spasm can be caused by the following 3 things:
- abdominal cramps caused by problems in the gastrointestinal tract
- abdominal cramps associated with female reproductive organs
- abdominal cramps in addition to gastrointestinal problems and gynecological organs
- Overstretched stomach muscles. The latter can lead to something called a “Rebound Spasm”.
Causes of abdominal pain based on the conditions that accompany it:
Abdominal cramps that often appear accompanied by diarrhea may signal a condition called gastroenteritis. In addition to gastroenteritis, a common cause of abdominal pain with diarrhea is dysentery, allergic reactions, worm infections, typhus, premenstrual syndrome, and side effects of drugs.
- Abdominal pain due to symptoms of appendicitis
Appendicitis is an inflammation that occurs in the appendix. The appendix is a small hose-shaped structure attached to the first part of the large intestine located in the lower right abdomen. The ultimate sign of abdominal pain due to appendicitis symptoms is pain in the right lower abdomen. If not immediately treated the appendix may rupture and spread infection to the other abdomen.
- Kidney stones
Kidney stones are rocks in the form of small crystals made of substances and minerals in the urine. Small kidney stones can still be excreted in the urine, but large kidney stones can inhibit the urinary system and generally require surgery. Abdominal cramps usually occur when the enlargement of kidney stones has been exceeded and disrupt normal kidney function.
- Abdominal pain due to ulcers
Ulcers are an open sore in the stomach (or anywhere else in the digestive tract). Helicobacter pylori bacterium, spicy food, excessive use of painkillers may cause you ulcers. Severe stomach spasms are the most common signs of ulcers.
- Stomach Muscle Tension / Rebound Spasm
Stomach muscle tension (rebound spasm) is often a common cause of abdominal cramps. Someone who likes to exercise in high intensity, especially bodybuilding, usually more often experience conditions like this.
Stomach cramps due to dehydration caused by the muscles of the body including abdominal muscles are not able to work optimally because the body loses a lot of fluids as well as electrolytes such as calcium, potassium and magnesium. Abdominal cramps due to dehydration usually accompanied by other symptoms such as dark yellow urine, feeling very thirsty, severe headache.
Stomach cramps due to constipation occur due to excess pressure, especially on the lower abdomen and other symptoms due to extra straining.
Intestinal inflammation occurs due to abnormal reactions of the body’s immune system to healthy gastrointestinal tissue. Inflammation that occurs can affect the normal movement of the intestine, which can cause discomfort and stomach spasm.
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
IBS is a complication in your large intestine due to some infection, weak nervous system, intestinal muscle contractions and changes in gut micro flora. This condition is associated with stress or anxiety disorders.
Ileus is a blockage of the intestine that causes cessation of intestinal peristaltic movement in digesting food. As a result food will accumulate and at risk of triggering the occurrence of perforation or intestinal leak.
Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines caused by viral or bacterial infections. People who suffer from gastroenteritis usually have diarrhea and also vomiting. This condition is generally caused by norovirus and also bacteria that cause food poisoning, namely salmonella and campylobacter.
Gastroparesis is a condition in which the movement of spontaneous (motility) of the stomach muscles is not working properly. In people with gastroparesis, motility of the stomach does not work perfectly or even does not work at all, thus inhibiting the process of gastric emptying. Symptoms commonly experienced by people with gastroparesis are abdominal pain or heartburn.
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm
Aortic aneurysm is the appearance of a lump on the aortic wall or weakening of the aortic wall. Aorta is the main blood vessel in the human body. Abdominal aortic aneurysm is the most common aortic aneurysm. In this condition, enlargement or bumps occur at the bottom of the aorta causing constant pain from inside the abdomen or on the side of the abdomen.
- Excess Gas
Excess gas in the stomach becomes one of the causes of abdominal cramps that occur when the body tries to remove the gas either through belching or exhaust. On the process the abdominal muscles will contract suddenly and at that moment the stomach will experience cramps.
- Gastroesophageal reflux or GERD
GERD is a condition of backflow from the contents of the stomach into the esophagus that causes symptoms that interfere with complications.
How to Prevent Stomach Spasm?
- Drink enough mineral water, at least 2 liters per day.
- Prioritize fibrous foods to prevent constipation.
- Reduce consumption of fatty foods for the digestive system to be healthy.
- Avoid caffeinated beverages like coffee, tea, and soft drinks.
- More often consume good yogurt for the stomach.
- Do not exercise excessively. Get used to warm up first.
Not all stomach pain can be prevented. However, you can lower your risk for getting an upset stomach by keeping your stomach up.
Treatment Suggestion for Stomach Spasm
Treatment of abdominal cramping needs to be adjusted to the underlying cause. The following is a type of medical treatment that can be used to overcome stomach cramps in accordance with the symptoms:
- In general abdominal cramps can be safely treated using over-the-counter painkillers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
- Stomach cramps due to gas or digestive disorders can often be reduced with an ulcer or an antacid.
- For an undiscovered illness, such as IBS, doctors usually prescribe antispasmodic or antidiarrheal drugs to relieve the symptoms.
- Stomach cramps from colitis such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis can be treated with several types of antibiotics and corticosteroid medications.
In addition to medical drugs, here are some ways to treat stomach cramps that can be done at home:
- Warm temperature therapy:Providing a warm compress may help relax the stiff abdominal muscles and relieve stomach cramps.
- Drink chamomile tea: Chamomile tea is rich in anti-inflammatory is very effective to soothe the stomach walls and relieve pains.
- Massage:Stomach spasms can also be the result of stress or strain in your stomach area. To get relief from the pain, you can gently massage your stomach muscles to help them relax.
- Beverages containing Ion / isotonic:Stomach cramps caused by dehydration can be overcome by consuming drinks containing ions or electrolytes.
- Enough rest:Abdominal cramps caused by muscle tension can also be relieved by rest and reduce the activity involving the muscles of this section.
Stomach spasms can be as simple as a natural muscle contraction in your stomach. Most cases of abdominal cramps are not caused by a serious illness some can even disappear or heal by themselves. However, persistent stomach spasms are an indicator of some underlying stomach diseases. It is advisable that you consult with a doctor immediately in such severe conditions to get further treatment.
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