Sour Stomach: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Definition of Sour Stomach?

Sour stomach is deranged health of upper gastrointestinal track which causes nausea, burning in stomach, belching, sour burps, indigestion and upper abdominal pain. Sour stomach also termed as upset stomach, acid re-flux, stomach bloating, stomach pain, excessive belching etc. acid reflux and non-functional dyspepsia are the most common causes for the range of symptoms known as a sour stomach. Sour stomach tends to be caused by specific foods and bad eating habits.

 

Sour Stomach Causes

Sour Stomach Causes

Sour Stomach Causes

A sour stomach can be caused by numerous things, and they’re typically the things that cause acid reflux or heartburn. Some of the main causes of sour stomach are:

  • Eating spicy, greasy or fatty food
  • Drinking carbonated beverages
  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Alcohol
  • Eating quickly
  • pregnancy
  • non-ulcer dyspepsia
  • nervousness
  • obesity
  • pancreatitis, or inflammation of the pancreas
  • peptic ulcers
  • smoking
  • Eating too much
  • Lying down soon after eating
  • Sleeping soon after eating
  • Late night eating
  • Poor sleep
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) tract infection
  • drinking too much caffeine or alcohol
  • consuming too much chocolate
  • emotional trauma
  • gallstones
  • gastritis, or inflammation of the stomach
  • hiatus hernia
  • infection, especially with a bacteria called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
  • certain medications, such as antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)Medications that may cause indigestion include:
    • Aspirin and many other painkillers such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
    • Steroids (such as prednisone, methylprednisolone [Medrol, Medrol Dosepak], and Decadron)
    • Estrogen and oral contraceptives
    • Antibiotics (such as erythromycin and tetracycline)
    • Thyroid medication
    • Blood pressure medication
    • Cholesterol medications (statins)
    • Pain medications (codeine and other narcotics)
  • stomach cancer

 

Sour Stomach Symptoms

A sour stomach has a number of symptoms that can appear either individually or simultaneously. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Regurgitation: This is when the contents of your stomach come back up into your esophagus. Unlike acid reflux, when stomach acid comes back up, there may be parts of chewed food that come up, which cause discomfort.
  • Nausea: Nausea, queasiness, upset stomach, etc., is the sensation that typically occurs before vomiting. When this occurs the best bet is to sit down and try to relax.
  • Stomach bloating: A full feeling that can occur even if you’ve only consumed a small amount of food. It potentially leads to burping or gassy feelings. Bloating can also spread up the stomach.
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Some other potential symptoms of a sour stomach are:

  • Stomach pain
  • Heartburn
  • Acid reflux
  • Belching
  • Stomach gurgling
  • Sour or metallic taste in the mouth
  • Burning in your stomach or upper belly

 

Sour Stomach Diagnosis

Sour Stomach Diagnosis

Sour Stomach Diagnosis

Following diagnostic tests to identify any underlying health problems:

  • Blood test: If the person with indigestion also has any symptoms of anemia, the doctor may order a blood test. Blood test include:
    • compete blood count (CBC)
    • liver panel, amylase and lipase (for pancreatitis)
    • kidney function test
    • guaiac test (a test for blood in the stool)
  • Endoscopy: People who have not responded to previous treatment may be referred for a more detailed examination of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The doctor can also perform a biopsy during this procedure to test for cancer.
  • Tests to diagnose H. pylori infection: These may include a urea breath test, a stool antigen test, and a blood test. An endoscopy would also identify H. pylori as well as any peptic ulcers that are present. Peptic ulcers are often caused by H. pylori.
  • Liver function test: If the doctor suspects a problem with the bile ducts in the liver, they may request a blood test to assess how the liver is working.
  • X-rays: X-ray images are taken of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine.
  • Abdominal ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves make images showing movement, structure, and blood flow in the abdomen.
  • Abdominal CT scan: This may involve injecting a dye into the veins. The dye shows up on the monitor. The CT scan takes a series of X-ray images to produce a 3D image of the inside of the abdomen.

 

Effective Sour Stomach Treatment

Indigestion often goes away on its own after a few hours. But let your doctor know if your symptoms get worse.you will get dyspepsia treatmentdepend on what’s causing your indigestion. You can also do some indigestion treatment include:

  • Try not to chew with your mouth open, talk while you chew, or eat too fast. This makes you swallow too much air, which can add to indigestion.
  • Drink beverages after rather than during meals.
  • Avoid late-night eating.
  • Try to relax after meals.
  • Avoid spicy foods.
  • If you smoke, quit.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Taking antacids and other drugs (such as proton pump inhibitors or H-2 blockers) to reduce stomach acid
  • Avoiding hot and spicy foods
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Home sour stomach remedies treatment include:

  • Asafetida (asafoetida, Ferulaasafetida) added to the food to reduce gas bloating.
  • Ginger, peppermint and ‘bitters’ for assisting with digestion and gut motility.

Food remedies that might help include:

  • Baking soda is not a food but often used as an ingredient in Otherwise known as sodium bicarbonate, baking soda is very effective for lowering the acid content of the stomach.
  • Apples or applesauce: The fiber in apples help move offending foods though the digestive track. These polyphenols help protect the inside lining of the stomach called the gastric mucosa which can become damaged from NSAIDS (anti-inflammatory drugs) and pathogenic bacteria such as H. Pylori, a major contributor to hell belly conditions like ulcers.
  • Artichoke leaves – Artichokes contain plant nutrients that have been found to be beneficial in short and long term dyspepsia (indigestion) and gastritis. Research also supports that it is quite helpful in reducing the spasticity that goes along with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
  • Ginger or candied ginger: Ginger has been used for the past 2,000 years in China to help treat stomach upset and nausea. In a study of subjects with upset stomachs, ginger capsules were found to significantly speed up the time it took for the sour contents of the stomach to get through the digestive tract.
  • Papaya: Papaya is rich in the protein digestive enzymes papain and chymopapain. Besides helping proteins digest, papaya has long been known for its anti-inflammatory attributes.
  • Peppermint tea/candy: Peppermint has been used for thousands of years for medicinal purposes; it helps slow movement of the stomach muscles and/or spasms, which contribute to nausea or vomiting. Peppermint helps the entire digestive highway as research supports its benefits in IBS, too.
  • White or Brown Rice: In a study that looked at optimal foods for digestive disorders, rice was found to be an ideal carbohydrate source for its ease of digestibility and its soothing properties.
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How to Prevent Sour Stomach(Indigestion)?

The best way to avoid sour stomach symptoms is by cut off the foods and situations that seem to cause it. Try to keep a food diary to figure out what you eat that gives you trouble. Other ways to prevent the problem:

  • Eat small meals portion
  • Eat slowly.
  • Avoid foods with a lot of acid, such as citrus fruits and tomatoes.
  • Cut back on or avoid foods and drinks that have caffeine.
  • If stress is a trigger, learn new ways to manage it.
  • Quit smoking. Or at least, don’t light up right before or after you eat, since smoking can irritate your stomach.
  • Cut back on alcohol.
  • Avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes. They can put pressure on your stomach, which can make the food you’ve eaten move up into your esophagus.
  • Don’t exercise with a full stomach. Do it before a meal or at least 1 hour after you eat.
  • Don’t lie down right after you’ve eaten.
  • Wait at least 3 hours after your last meal of the day before you go to bed.
  • Don’t eat citrus fruits on an empty stomach
  • Decrease your consumption of anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

 

When to See a Doctor

Indigestion can be a sign of a more serious health problem, visit doctor if there any of the following symptoms:

  • Vomiting or blood in your vomit. It may look like coffee grounds.
  • Weight loss you can’t explain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Stools that are bloody, black, or tarry
  • Severe pain in your upper-right belly
  • Pain in the upper- or lower-right parts of your belly
  • Feeling uncomfortable even if you haven’t eaten
  • Shortness of breath, sweating, or pain that spreads along your jaw, neck, or arm.
  • Sudden, severe pain in the abdomen, particularly on the right side (the liver, gallbladder, and appendix are located here)
  • Yellow coloring of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
  • Lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting due to symptoms

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