If a kidney stone is blocking your ureter, you may develop a severe infection, which can become life-threatening without treatment. Signs of an infection include having a fever and cloudy urine. A risk with kidney stones is a kidney infection, which can lead to sepsis.
Can You Die from Kidney Stones?
Yes. It is possible If you don’t utilize recommended treatments. How kidney stones can kill you, include:
- Obstruction, untreated kidney stones can lead to kidney failure that ultimately leading to death. If the kidneys fail, it won’t take long for the rest of your body to fail, too.
- Infection (a cause of stones), leading to kidney stone infection sepsis and cause death. Infection will eventually get you if nothing else does when you’re old and frail, and urinary tract infections are a major source of infections, so this is possible, but hardly common amongst people with stones.
- Complications of treatment, complication of kidney stones treatment cansoccurredon patients who had certain surgeries to correct massive stone buildup, or recurrent bothersome stones leading to multiple urologic procedures. The most common result is a painful spontaneous passage or no symptoms, if the stone stays put high in the collecting system / kidney.
What are Kidney Stones?
Kidney stones (or calculi) are hard stones that can form in one or both of your kidneys. Stones come in different shapes and sizes and are made of salts and minerals that build into crystals. There are several substances that can form stones, the four most common are made of:
- Calcium – common and can recur
- Cystine – an amino acid
- Struvite – develop as a result of urinary tract infections (UTIs)
- Uric acid – a crystalline compound
How to Prevent Kidney Stones?
Not all kidney stones can be prevented, but there are ways to lower your risk of developing one or developing another one. Various lifestyle and dietary patterns can put you at an increased risk of developing kidney stones. The best way to prevent kidney stones is change your diet, include:
- Not consuming enough fluids, drink more water.
- Reduce consumption on refined carbohydrates like white bread and white rice.
- Don’t take vitamin C supplements of more than 500 to 1000mg per day because vitamin C forms oxalate in the body.
- Reduce salt consumption: avoid add more salt to your food and reduce consumption of processed foods or other things with a high salt content like smoked fish and tinned meat.
- Avoid/Reduce foods that have high levels of oxalate like, chocolate, tea, rhubarb, spinach, nuts and strawberries.
- Eat less meat, fish and poultry. Particularly avoid liver, kidneys, herrings with skin, sardines, anchovies and poultry skin that may increase the amount of uric acid in your urine.
- Eat normal amounts of calcium, up to 1000mg a day not more than that.
- Eat more high-fiber foods such as beans or baked potatoes.
- Steer clear of vitamin D preparations, including fish oils. These can increase how much calcium you absorb.
How to Prevent Kidney Failure of Stones?
- If you develop a stone episode but do not pass a stone or undergo treatment within a few months, you may want to consider getting follow-up imaging with your doctor to insure that the stone has actually passed and is not causing persistent This is more of a concern for larger stones (greater than 6mm or so).
- Patients with large infection related stones (struvite) are at increased risk for kidney damage from their stones. They should be sure to have kidney stones treatmentand need followup to insure infections and stones do not return.
- Consult with your doctor to prevent future stones. A prevention plan may include testing for the reason why you are forming stones, diet changes, or in certain cases, medications.