Pain in the eyebrow is a common symptom experienced by millions of people around the world. It can be caused by sinus infections, temporal arteritis, tension headaches, and more.
What Causes of Eyebrow Pain
Glaucoma refers to increased pressure in the eye; it causes pain below the eyebrows. Glaucoma is most common in older people, as well as in people with genetic predispositions. Symptoms of Glaucoma:
- Hazy eyes
- Sharp pain in the eyes
- Eyebrow pain
- Discoloured eyes
- Loss of vision
- Getting nauseous or eventual vomiting
- Muscle spasms
Spasms that occur in the eyebrow or eyelid or involuntary tremors in the area of the eyebrows can cause eyebrow pain. They are referred to as benign essential blepharospasms. This condition is generally triggered by lack of sleep or irregular sleep patterns. The eyebrow muscles, like all the muscles in your body, can spasm from time to time. Stress and anxiety are the cause of muscle spasms of the eyebrow.
Esophoria refers to an eye disorder that occurs due to inward deviation of the eye due to ocular muscle imbalance. Thus, pain below the eyebrow occurs.
- Conjunctivitis Disease
Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the tissue that covers the white part of the eye. The inflammation that cause pain in eyebrow and eye socketcan be brought about by allergic reactions to things like pollen and dust, bacteria, irritants and viruses such as a common cold. Symptoms of Conjunctivitis:
- Abnormally teary eyes
- Blurred vision
- High light sensitivity
- Nagging eye itch
- Discoloring of the eye
- Tension Headaches
The main symptom of a tension headache is the feeling that you’ve got a clamp around your head especially in eyebrow. Symptoms of Tension Headaches:
- Body fatigue
- Throbbing muscles
- Lack of sleep
- Lack of concentration
- Dull head pain
This refers to abnormal dilations of blood vessels. Aneurysms that occur in the skull in proximity of the nerves feeding the eye cause pain on the eyebrows.
- Increased pressure in the skull
Pain above eyebrow when pressedcan be caused by an increased pressure in the skull. Since the skull is similar to a rigid container, a health condition such as brain tumor that causes that space to be filled causes increased pressure.
Migraines can occur in any part of the head, including the area around the eyes.
Sinus can lead to eyebrow pain as well as other unpleasant symptoms. Common causes of sinus infections include allergic rhinitis, the common cold, and having a deviated symptom.Pain you may experience will depend on which of your sinuses are affected.
- Frontal sinusitis can cause pain just above your eyebrows, and your forehead may be tender to touch.
- Maxillary sinusitis can cause your upper jaw, teeth and cheeks to ache and may be mistaken for toothache.
- Ethmoid sinusitis can cause pain around your eyes and the sides of your nose.
- Sphenoid sinusitis can cause pain around your eyes, at the top of your head or in your temples. You may also have earache and neck pain.
- Temporal Arteritis
Temporal arteritis is a painful condition that can result in a throbbing headache, vision loss, and fatigue. It happens because the temporal artery, which runs from the side of the head near the eye, gets inflamed. Eyebrow pain can occur in temporal arteritis, although it’s not the most common symptom.
- Cluster headaches
Cluster headaches are severe head pain often concentrated around the lower forehead and are another common cause of headache in eyebrow bone.
Opththalmoplegia is a disorder that is characterized by the paralysis of the eye muscles.
- Physical Injury
Eye area is very sensitive any physical injury around there can have serious implications.
- High blood pressure
High blood pressure can cause serious injury to the blood capillaries in the retina causing pain behind eyebrow or eyebrow pain. Symptoms of High Blood Pressure:
- Constant headaches
- Persistent nausea
- Lightheadedness and dizziness
- Blurred vision
- Regular nosebleeds
Effective Eyebrow Pain Relief
- Having a warm bath or shower.
- Lying down for a nap.
- Going out for a walk and fresh air.
- Having a neck massage.
- Using the thumb and index fingers to use pressure to the affected area
Treatments for Sinusitis:
- Over the counter medication such as Tylenol
- Sinus decongesting drugs like pseudoephedrine
Treatments for Cranial Arteritis:
- High steroid doses
- Reduce inflammation by administering drugs like prednisone
- Vitamin D and calcium supplements
Treatments for Glaucoma:
- Applying eye drops
- Laser surgery to increase fluid in the eyes
- Microsurgery causes eye pressure
Treatments for Eye Muscle Spasm:
- Gentle eye compress whenever spasms come around
- Keep your eyes lubricated
When to Visit Doctor?
Immediately seek medical attention if you or someone you are caring for experiences any of the following
- Discomfort or a mild burning sensation
- Swollen or drooping eye
- Smaller pupil in the eye
- Eye redness or watering
- Runny or congested nose
- Red, warm face
- Stiff neck and a high fever associated with headache
- Sudden onset of a severe headache
- Loss of motor function, the ability to think clearly, or convulsions associated with headache
- Head injury
- Fever and neck pain present.
How to Prevent Eyebrow Pain
- Control alcohol use (don’t consume alcohol, alcohol is harmful for health).
- Limit Caffeine usage.
- Avoid Sugary foods and processed foods.
- Limit Excess Bright lights.
- Avoid Absence of sleep or changes in sleep patterns.
- Take riboflavin (a B-vitamin) or vitamin D
- Routine Workout
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