Definition of Bumps in Back of Throat
Bumps in back of the throat are an indication of a certain type of throat irritation, which itself is a sign that your body is creating mucus to help fight an infection. The throat bumps could also be a sign of swollen lymph glands due to a viral infection. Back of the throat bumps that cause a sore throat can come in various shapes and sizes. Many viral or bacterial throat infections cause painful red spots that cause irritation.
Bumps in Back of Throat Symptoms
Bumps on the back of the throat can include any of the following symptoms:
- Small red spots that affect the roof of your mouth or back of your tongue
- Signs of an infection like fever, sore joints, headaches, or nausea
- A cold or flu that develops after the symptoms of strep throat
- White dots and patches that have a creamy-looking texture
- Feeling as if something is stuck in your throat
- A sore throat on one side of your throat or both sides
- Swollen lymph nodes in your neck below your jawline
- Gray, furry film on the tongue (can give the tongue a white appearance)
What Causes of Bumps on Back of Throat?
The redness in the throat is usually because of infection. Besides infection, there can be other causes and the bump can be white. A certain kind of irritation is usually also cause behind bump in back of throat. The cause for the irritation itself can either be an infection of the upper respiratory tract or a condition like post nasal drip.
20 possible causes of bumps on back of throat:
- Strep Throat
This is a bacterial infection that results in the swelling and inflammation at the back of the tonsils and the throat. The infection can also result in the appearance of red spots on the roof of the mouth and around the throat.Strep throat can also cause the formation of white patches on the tonsils and throat.
- Tonsil Stones
These are specks at the back of the throat are difficult to spot and can result in difficulty in swallowing food, pain around the throat region, bad breath and also a metallic taste in the mouth. The condition is caused by clogging of mucus, food particles and bacteria in the crevices of the tonsils at the back of the throat.
The medical term for the condition is known as a sore throat.This is a condition that results in the inflammation around the pharynx which is situated at the back of the throat.An individual with the condition is likely to experience a runny nose, a severe headache, and swollen tonsils that have red bumps in back of the throat.
- Postnasal Drip
The condition appears when the mucus runs down from the nose to the back of the throat. The heavy flow of the mucus results in the irritation of the throat. The constant irritation results in the formation of the red bumps on the back of the throat accompanied by inflammation.
- Streptococcal Angina
The condition should be treated immediately since it can result in rheumatism and a rheumatic fever.
This is a throat condition that is caused by Epstein-Barr virus and the infection is characterized by a sore throat, a high fever, and swollen lymph glands.
The condition is caused by either bacteria or virus. The condition is associated with the formation of white patches at the back of the throat.
- HPV and Oropharyngeal Cancer
The bumps in the back of the throat are also accompanied with earaches, hoarseness, a persistent sore throat, unexplained weight loss, and pain from swallowing.If the condition remains untreated, it could result in oropharyngeal cancer. Cancer affects the oropharynx which is the region around the tonsils and tongue.
- Syphilis Infections
This infection is caused by the Treponemapallidum bacteria which trigger the formation of red or white spots at the back of the throat.
- Throat Herpes
The infection is caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 that results in the formation of sores on the lips of the mouth before spreading in the back of the throat.
- Oral Candidiasis
The medical term for the condition is known as oral thrush.This is a condition that results in the formation of white pockets in the throat. During the initial stages, the infected individual will not experience any pain but at the later stage, the patient may get bumps on the back of the tongue and throat.
- Allergic Rhinitis
The medical term given to the infection is known as hay fever and the studies show that they have similar symptoms associated with common cold flu. The frequent irritation around the throat could result in the formation of red bumps in back of the throat.
- STD and HIV
STD is a disease that is caused by sexually transmitted infection. Patients infected by HIV have a very weak immune system which eventually causes these red bumps to appear on the back of throat.
- Scarlet Fever
The condition is characterized by the formation of red and swollen tongue and throat. The condition sometimes appears to those people infected with strep throat.
- Toxic Shock Syndrome
The condition is less common but can be a life threatening bacterial infection. The condition is triggered by the toxic substances produced by bacteria known as streptococcus and Staphylococcus aureus.
Some infections may lead to abscesses in the back of the throat. These are pockets of infection that are filled with pus and debris.
- Acid reflux
Heartburn or acid reflux could be a reason for having blisters on the back of your throat or a feeling of a lump in back of throat.
- Hand, foot, and mouth disease
Viral infections caused by the coxsackie virus or enterovirus can cause blisters on the inside of the mouth. This type of viral infections that causes bumps on the throat is called hand-foot-mouth disease and often affects children.
Large white bumps on the back of your throat or tongue could be a symptom of leukoplakia.
Home remedies can relieve the symptoms of sore throat, include:
- Use over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers, such as ibuprofen
- Drink cool or warm drinks, but not very hot drinks
- Eat cool, soft foods
- Adults can gargle with salt water
- Avoid smoking and second-hand smoke
- Suck lozenges or hard candy
- Suck ice cubes
- Herbal Remedies: tea made from ginger and cinnamon is also considered as quite beneficial for back throat bumps.
- Probiotics: To activate the immune system in body and stop overgrowth of Candida, some high quality probiotic supplements are necessarily required.
- Avoid Dehydration
- antibiotics, usually penicillin or amoxicillin for strep throat medication
How to Prevent Bumps in Back of Throat
There are also a number ways to prevent bumps in back of the throat and bumps on throat wall, including the following:
- Dietary restrictions: Sugar and dairy contribute to mucus production and promote the overgrowth of Candida. Restricting the intake of both foods can help prevent bumps in the throat due strep throat or oral thrush.
- Proper oral hygiene: Washing your hands frequently and avoiding touching your nose, mouth, or eyes.
- Avoid being in close contact with persons showing signs of a respiratory infection.
- Keep well hydrated: Avoid alcohol and caffeine
Did You Need to Visit Doctor?
in some cases, you need to see a doctor for a sore throat especially if you have strep throat because the bacterial infection which can cause serious complications.
- You have red bumps in back of throat that feels like sandpaper.
- Your sore throat with bumps on it lasts longer than a week.
- You suddenly get a sore throat that looks very red.
- You have streaks of white or yellow pus on your tonsils.
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